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Barbary Pirates – Barbary Corsairs, Ottoman Corsairs, Privateers

Alfas del Pi is located in the Spanish region of Alicante on the Costa Blanca. Its landmark is a watchtower, built in the Fisherman's Quarter in 1554 to alert the townsfolk of imminent attack by marauding pirates better known as Barbary pirates. They raided this section of the coast for a number of years

The Barbary Corsairs, sometimes called Ottoman Corsairs or Barbary Pirates, were Muslim pirates and privateers who operated from the North Africa from the 11th century until the early 19th century. They were based out of ports such as Tunis, Tripoli, Algiers, Sale, and Morocco. This stretch of coast was known as the Barbary Coast. There main reason for the raids in the Mediterranean was to capture slaves to sell at the slave markets in Algeria and Morocco. It wasn't just the Mediterranean the Barbary Pirates practiced their trade in but they ventured south along West coast of Africa's Atlantic seaboard and into the North Atlantic as far as north as Iceland and all along the European coastline.

Barbary Pirates were responsible for the destruction of thousands of Spanish, French, and English ships. There were long stretches of coastal areas in Spain and Italy that were completely abandoned by the people living there, and it wasn't until the 19th century that people started the re-settle the areas. Pirates captured between 800,000 to 1.25 million people as slaves mainly from seaside villages in Spain, Italy, and Portugal. but also from many other places including North America.

After the Napoleonic Wars and the First Barbary Pirates War (1801-1805) and the Second Barbary Pirates Wars (1815), the Congress of Vienna in 1815, along with the involvement of the United States Navy, that the effectiveness of the corsairs declined. France colonised much of the Barbary coast in the 19th century which helped bring the era of the Barbary Pirates to a close.